Crystalline Silica

March Meeting Announcement

The next SAFER meeting is March 1, 2017 in Room CT 332 at the New England Institute for Technology (NEIT), 2490 Post Road, Warwick, RI.

From Bob Kunz:

Team SAFER,

Good morning!  Are you ready?  The June 23, 2017, compliance date is right around the corner.  I have a few updates from industry association, as follows:

·         The AGC National has provided the following recommendation “At this point we are recommending that members proceed as if the rule will go into effect as is.  With the uncertainty with the silica litigation, we believe that is the right approach”, and

·         The Mason Contractors Association of America recommend “I would say there is a 95% chance the rule will begin on June 23, 2017. The only hope we really have of any delay would be Trump intervening. Even if he did, likely it would be a temporary delay. In my opinion there is a 100% chance we will see a change to our current silica rule. I do believe we will see the rule going into effect but tweaked a bit, but I believe portions of the rule will not change”.

On Wednesday we will discuss the following related to Silica rule and beyond:

  • Receive information from an OSHA industrial hygienist
  • Discuss the role of competent person
  • Review written control / exposure plan
  • Review training requirements

Please RSVP to bkunz@dimeo.com.

April Mtg – Update #2

Additional information on Silica from Bob Kunz:

“Team,

As a followed to the April 2016 SAFER meeting on Silica, please find the following:

I hope this helps answer questions”.

Attached is ANSI.Z87.1.2003. Table E-1 is being removed from 1926.102 at the end of the month.

SAFER wishes to thank the following people for providing great information on the latest changes to the silica standard and how to prepare and get ready to meet the new requirements that go into effect 14 months from now:

  • John Goins, OSHA Compliance Officer
  • Bob Kunz, Dimeo Construction & SAFER Chairman
  • Linda Peacock, HILTI North America

SAFER Also thanks New England Institute of Technology for providing the meeting room and GT Safety for sponsoring the continental breakfast.

The focus of the meeting was the new OSHA standards related to silica for Construction and General Industries.

Occupational Exposure to Respirable Silica – Final Rule effective 6-23-2016

Construction compliance by 6-23-2017 and General Industry  compliance by 6-23-2018

As you may be aware, OSHA published the final rule for Occupational Exposure to Respirable Silica on 3-23-2016.  OSHA has developed a web page that contains the final rule, fact sheets, question and answer white paper, for example – see link:  https://www.osha.gov/silica/index.html .

The new permissible exposure level (PEL) for construction is 50 µg/m3, which is the equivalent of 5 grains of sand in 264 gallons of water (approximately five 55 gallon drums).

We will discuss the final rule, to ensure that your firm is prepared to comply with the requirements codified within same.  Compliance with the final rule, may require:

  • Development of written plan or program
  • Employee qualification |surveillance | training
  • Equipment and tool evaluation
  • Objective data acquisition | evaluation

The increased conversation concerning silica within the community may impact insurance program considerations, as well.

April Meeting Update #2

Additional information on Silica from Bob Kunz:

“Team,

As a followed to the April 2016 SAFER meeting on Silica, please find the following:

I hope this helps answer questions”.

 

Attached is ANSI.Z87.1.2003. Table E-1 is being removed from 1926.102 at the end of the month.

SAFER wishes to thank the following people for providing great information on the latest changes to the silica standard and how to prepare and get ready to meet the new requirements that go into effect 14 months from now:

  • John Goins, OSHA Compliance Officer
  • Bob Kunz, Dimeo Construction & SAFER Chairman
  • Linda Peacock, HILTI North America

SAFER Also thanks New England Institute of Technology for providing the meeting room and GT Safety for sponsoring the continental breakfast.

The focus of the meeting was the new OSHA standards related to silica for Construction and General Industries.

Occupational Exposure to Respirable Silica – Final Rule effective 6-23-2016

Construction compliance by 6-23-2017 and General Industry  compliance by 6-23-2018

As you may be aware, OSHA published the final rule for Occupational Exposure to Respirable Silica on 3-23-2016.  OSHA has developed a web page that contains the final rule, fact sheets, question and answer white paper, for example – see link:  https://www.osha.gov/silica/index.html .

The new permissible exposure level (PEL) for construction is 50 µg/m3, which is the equivalent of 5 grains of sand in 264 gallons of water (approximately five 55 gallon drums).

We will discuss the final rule, to ensure that your firm is prepared to comply with the requirements codified within same.  Compliance with the final rule, may require:

  • Development of written plan or program
  • Employee qualification |surveillance | training
  • Equipment and tool evaluation
  • Objective data acquisition | evaluation

The increased conversation concerning silica within the community may impact insurance program considerations, as well.

 

Crystalline Silica

From OSHA’s website:

Inhalation of very small (respirable) crystalline silica particles puts workers at risk for silicosis, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and kidney disease. OSHA recently released a proposed rule to protect workers exposed to respirable crystalline silica.

This is a proposal, not a final rule. OSHA encourages the public to participate in development of the rule by submitting comments and participating in public hearings. Your input will help OSHA develop a rule that ensures healthy working conditions for employees and is feasible for employers.

“Exposure to silica can be deadly, and limiting that exposure is essential. Every year, many exposed workers not only lose their ability to work, but also to breathe. This proposal is expected to prevent thousands of deaths from silicosis – an incurable and progressive disease – as well as lung cancer, other respiratory diseases, and kidney disease. Workers affected by silica are fathers, mothers, sisters and brothers lost to entirely preventable illnesses. We’re looking forward to public comment on the proposal.”

Dr. David Michaels Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health

OSHA estimates that the proposed rule will save nearly 700 lives and prevent 1,600 new cases of silicosis per year, once the full effects of the rule are realized.

The proposed rule is the result of extensive review of scientific evidence relating to the health risks of exposure to respirable crystalline silica, analysis of the diverse industries where worker exposure to crystalline silica occurs, and robust outreach efforts to affected stakeholders. OSHA carefully considered current industry consensus standards on crystalline silica exposure, recommendations from small business representatives, and input from other interested parties and partner agencies in developing the proposed rule.

OSHA currently enforces 40-year-old permissible exposure limits (PELs) for crystalline silica in general industry, construction and shipyards that are outdated, inconsistent between industries, and do not adequately protect worker health. The proposed rule brings protections into the 21st century.

“The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is pleased to join with Dr. Michaels and our partners in labor and industry in OSHA’s announcement of the notice of proposed rulemaking on occupational exposure to crystalline silica. NIOSH has a long history of research and recommendations on preventing worker exposure to respirable crystalline silica. Ensuring the health and safety of all workers is an important part of ensuring a strong economy and future economic growth.”

Dr. John Howard Director of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

Select from the tabs at the top of the page to learn more about the proposed rule and ways you can contribute during the rulemaking process.

Without proper engineering controls, workers can be exposed to harmful levels of respirable crystalline silica that can cause silicosis, lung cancer, and other lung and kidney diseases (below)

Saw cutting ImagesCourtesy New Jersey Department of Health

Applying water to a saw blade when cutting materials that contain crystalline silica — such as stone, rock, concrete, brick, and block — substantially reduces the amount of dust created during these operations (right)

Saw cutting ImagesCourtesy Husqvarna ABSilica Rulemaking Information/Press/Statements

News Releases

Statements

Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health Dr. David Michaels’ Opening Statement at Silica Hearing [3/18/14]

Directorate of Standards and Guidance Acting Director William Perry’s Opening Statement at Silica Hearing
[Full Statement] [Synopsis] [3/18/14]

Statements on Announcement of Proposed Rule:

Silica Blog

FACT SHEET: OSHA’s Proposed Crystalline Silica Rule: Overview [PDF* 430 KB] ] En español [PDF* 375 KB]

FACT SHEET: Construction [PDF* 445 KB] En español [PDF* 428 KB]

FACT SHEET: General Industry & Maritime [PDF* 525 KB] En español [PDF* 497 KB]

FACT SHEET: Information for Small Businesses [PDF* 485 KB] En español [PDF* 449 KB]

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) [PDF* 183 KB]

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM)
The NPRM is OSHA’s formal notice of regulatory action related to Occupational Exposure to Crystalline Silica. The NPRM contains some background information on analyses related to the proposed rule, as well as the proposed regulatory text. OSHA welcomes public comments on the NPRM.

Health Effects & Risk Assessment Background Documents [PDF* 2.28 MB] As part of the rulemaking process, OSHA carefully evaluated health effects of and the risk of morbidity and mortality associated with occupational exposure to crystalline silica. A Health Effects Supplement [PDF*] contains OSHA’s assessment of additional literature published after its preliminary analysis was complete. OSHA welcomes public comments on these background documents.

Preliminary Economic Analysis (PEA) [PDF* 12 MB] The PEA details OSHA’s estimation of costs, benefits, and other economic impacts of the proposed rule. OSHA welcomes public comments on the PEA.

Employment Analysis [PDF* 397 KB] Inforum, an independent, not-for-profit research entity, estimated the industry and aggregate employment effects of the proposed silica rule

Federal Docket for Silica Rulemaking
Visit the federal docket folder on Regulations.gov to examine supporting materials for the proposed rule and review comments submitted by other members of the public, workers and worker groups, affected industries, and other interested parties. You may also submit your own comments on the silica rulemaking to the docket via the link above.

Hearing Information

Hearing Schedule

Hearing Procedures

Amendment to Hearing Procedures

Public Participation in the Rulemaking Process

Review Materials Submitted to OSHA

All testimony, comments, and other materials submitted to the rulemaking docket are or will be listed online at http://www.regulations.gov (Docket ID# OSHA-2010-0034); however, some information (e.g., copyrighted material) is not publicly available to read or download through that website.  All submissions to the docket, including copyrighted material, are available for inspection and, where permissible, copying at the OSHA Docket Office, U.S. Department of Labor, Room N-2625, 200 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20210.

Provide Comments after Public Hearings

The public hearings closed on April 4, 2014. Those members of the public who filed a timely written notice of intention to appear prior to the hearings are able to submit additional comments. Evidence and data relevant to the proceeding must be submitted by June 3, 2014. Final briefs, arguments, and summations must be submitted by July 18, 2014. Post-hearing comments and briefs can be submitted by:

  • Visiting the Federal e-Rulemaking Portal at http://www.regulations.gov, Docket ID# OSHA-2010-0034.
  • Faxing OSHA’s Docket Office at 202-693-1648 (for comments of 10 pages or less).
  • Sending hard-copy documents (via regular mail, express delivery, courier, or hand delivery) to the OSHA Docket Office, Technical Data Center, Room N-2625, OSHA, U.S. Department of Labor, 200 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20210.

For more information about the post-hearing comment period, please refer to the:

Hearing Procedures

Amendment to Hearing Procedures

Scientific and Technical Resources

Additional Resources

Safety & Health Topics Page on Crystalline Silica
OSHA’s Safety & Health Topics page on Crystalline Silica is the Agency’s main resource for information about silica hazards, health effects, control methods, and other standards applicable to protecting workers who are exposed to respirable crystalline silica on the job.

MSHA Silicosis Prevention web page
The Mine Safety & Health Administration (MSHA) provides information about silica hazards specific to the mining industry. Miners and mine employers can find useful information about hazard identification and control from this page.

NIOSH Silica Information web page
The National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health (NIOSH) has conducted extensive research about health hazard identification and control for respirable crystalline silica.

Archived Silica Web Chat

OSHA’s Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) for Occupational Exposure to Respirable Crystalline Silica was published in the Federal Register on September 12, 2013. The NPRM is available from the Federal Register in print (Document number: 2013-20997) or online at https://federalregister.gov/a/2013-20997.

2013 “Deadly Dust” Silica Video

Video will begin shortly

Many American families have seen first-hand the tragic effects of silicosis. Watch OSHA’s new “Deadly Dust” video to learn more about their stories and how dust control methods can help limit workers’ exposure to crystalline silica.

Contractors adopt innovative concrete drill jig to reduce silica exposures during concrete drilling operations

Contractors adopt innovative concrete drill jig to reduce silica exposures during concrete drilling operations. Read more.

1938 “Stop Silicosis” Video

This 1938 video features former Secretary of Labor, Frances Perkins (1933-1945), and describes both the hazards associated with silica exposure and the U.S. Department of Labor’s early efforts to ensure safe and healthful working conditions for America’s working men and women. Although tremendous progress has been made since this video was produced, evidence indicates that a substantial number of workers still suffer from silica-related diseases. This video is available for download at http://archive.org/details/StopSilicosis

What is Crystalline Silica?

Respirable crystalline silica – very small particles at least 100 times smaller than ordinary sand you might encounter on beaches and playgrounds – is created during work operations involving stone, rock, concrete, brick, block, mortar, and industrial sand. Exposures to respirable crystalline silica can occur when cutting, sawing, grinding, drilling, and crushing these materials. These exposures are common in brick, concrete, and pottery manufacturing operations, as well as during operations using industrial sand products, such as in foundries, sand blasting, and hydraulic fracturing (fracking) operations in the oil and gas industry.